Fungal Infections

Filamentous fungi

The majority of fungi form filamentous structure known as hyphae. These are multicellular structures with branching. Most of these hyphae extend in 3 dimensions through whatever they are growing in. Specialised hyphae are produced to allow vegetative (non-sexual) reproduction with spores or conidia. Some highly specialised reproductive or protective structures are also formed by some species, such as ascospores. There are probably millions of species in total. Filamentous fungi are found in most phylogenetic groups, but the vast majority of human pathogens are Ascomycetes.

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